You should be able to cut and paste this template into a text editor or spreadsheet.

Decision-Making and Problem-Solving

However, the following basic guidelines will get you started. A situation like this can be approached by completing three separate pros and cons tables and then comparing the net effects difference between weighted pros and cons of each solvung, or by completing one three-column template, and scoring the main considerations across all three options.

Log in using your account on. The Lewin model is typically shown as a simplified diagram, with fkr arrows alongside each factor pointing to the space between the columns.

Problem Solving and Decision Making (Solving Problems and Making Decisions)

Decision-making maxims will help to reinforce the above decision-making process whether related to problem-solving or not, for example: Explained above is an different and logically developed weighted decision-making method, not Lewin’s Force Field Analysis. Look at potential causes for the problem It’s amazing how much problem solving methods for ethical decision making don’t know about what you don’t know.

The major disadvantage is that the approach often provides no clear frame of reference around which people can communicate, feel comfortable problem solving methods for ethical decision making measure progress toward solutions to problems.

Write down a five-sentence description of the problem in terms of “The following should be happening, but isn’t For more complex decisions, several options can be assessed against differing significant criteria, or against a single set of important factors.


A simple process for decision-making is to compile a ‘weighted’ scoredof ‘pros and cons’ list. If helpful ‘weight’ each factor, by giving it a score out of three or five points e. They have been selected for their relevance and highly practical nature. Problem solving and decision-making are important skills for business and life.

Decision-Making and Problem-Solving

If the decsion makes you feel uncomfortable and this is not reflected in the table, then add it as a factor and give it a score. Not all problems can be solved and decisions made by the following, rather rational approach.

For example, the rational approach, described below, is often used when addressing large, complex matters in strategic planning. Pro means ‘for’, and con means ‘against’ – i. Do you have decisioon time to decisionn the approach?

Communicate the plan to those who will involved in implementing it and, at least, to your immediate supervisor. In complex situations the wording of the options is important, for example, if considering the best path for one’s own career and work development the options might be:.

If you don’t have the necessary knowledge or experience to compile problem solving methods for ethical decision making decision-making template, then you are not in a good position to make the decision, and you need to bring in the necessary knowledge and experience. This makkng enables different criteria to be allocated to each option and weghtred problem solving methods for ethical decision making.


Verify if the problem has been resolved or not One of the best ways to verify if a problem has been solved or not is to resume normal operations in the organization. Still, you should consider:. Understand Techniques How to: Verifying your understanding of the problems: Also, scan problem solving methods for ethical decision making Recommended Books listed below. Is the matter urgent, important or both. A decision-making pros and cons list like this helps remove the emotion which blocks clear thinking and decision-making.

Essential Steps for Ethical Problem-Solving

Lastly, consider “What did you learn from this problem solving? With whom is it happening?

Is there a conflict of values, or rights, or professional responsibilities? Note that it might be more your nature to view a “problem” as an “opportunity”. It’s critical when collecting the ideas to not pass any judgment on the ideas — just write them down ethkcal you hear them.